Social Security Information

Since many PPS Survivors are either seeking Social Security Disability (SSD) Insurance, or are currently receiving it, IPPSO is providing the most current SSD information to those of you who are citizens of the USA.

We sincerely hope this information helps you in understanding the Social Security Administration when dealing with a disability and PPS.

Select the link below to obtain the latest Social Security Rulings passed in June 2003. There are further subtopic links of interest, so please be sure and read all the way to the bottom of this important link to find all the valuable info!   Click below:

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Post-Polio Syndrome and Social Security Disability

Here is an explanation of Social Security's five-step process to determine if a person with Post-Polio Syndrome qualifies for Social Security Disability Income:

STEP ONE simply determines if an individual is "working (engaging in substantial gainful activity)" according to the SSA definition. Earning more than $860 a month as an employee, is enough to be disqualified from receiving Social Security disability benefits.

STEP TWO implies that the post-polio syndrome disability must be severe enough to significantly limit one’s ability to perform basic work activities needed to do most jobs. For example:

STEP THREE is Social Security disability adjudication; post-polio sequelae refer to multiple physical and mental disorders that may be demonstrated by polio survivors many years after an acute polio infection. Motor weakness is the most common residual of acute polio infection and is usually manifested by observable weakness, muscle atrophy, and reduced peripheral reflexes.

In the absence of contrary evidence, as long as the medical findings support a reasonable medical nexus between the prior polio infection and the present manifestation of any one or combination of the disorders discussed.  Social Security Ruling 03-1p (early advanced degenerative arthritis, sleep disorders, respiratory insufficiency and various mental disorders), Social Security will find the claimant has post polio sequelae. Furthermore, the criteria found in medical listing 11.11 (anterior poliomyelitis) are applicable to post polio sequelae.

If any of the following are present the claimant will be found to be disabled:

1. Persistent difficulty with swallowing or breathing;

2. Unintelligible speech; and

3. Disorganization of motor function as found in medical listing 11.04B, i.e., significant persistent disorganization of motor function in two extremities, resulting in sustained disturbance of gross and dexterous movements, or gait and station. The findings presented by the claimant may meet the preceding or be found to “medically equate” the preceding.

STEP FOUR explores the ability of an individual to perform work he has done in the past despite his post-polio syndrome disability. If SSA finds that a person can do his past work, benefits are denied. If the person cannot, then the process proceeds to the fifth and final step.

STEP FIVE looks at age, education, work experience and physical/mental condition to determine what other work, if any, the person can perform. To determine post-polio syndrome disability, SSA enlists vocational rules, which vary according to age.

For example, if a person is:

Under age 50 who has the symptoms of post-polio syndrome, unable to perform what SSA calls sedentary work, then SSA will reach a determination of disabled. Sedentary work requires the ability to lift a maximum of 10 pounds at a time, sit six hours and occasionally walk and stand two hours per eight-hour day.

Age 50 or older and, due to his post-polio syndrome disability, limited to performing sedentary work but has no work-related skills that allow him to do so, SSA will reach a determination of disabled.

Over age 60 and, due to his post-polio syndrome disability, unable to perform any of the jobs he performed in the last 15 years, SSA will likely reach a determination of disabled.

Any age and, because of post-polio syndrome, has a psychological impairment that prevents even simple, unskilled work, SSA will reach a determination of Post-Polio Syndrome disabled.

Be sure to get your doctors letters together to take to Social Security, they are very important!

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